(tratto dall'enciclopedia libera Wikipedia)

La parola HARAM ha nel mondo islamico due significati diversi.Vuol dire ad esempio "peccato" oppure "proibito". Haram viene comunque anche  usato in stretta connessione con l'urbanizzazione e con quello che č, appunto , proibito ! Un aspetto molto importante di civiltā e di civilizzazione nel mondo arabo. E mentre il altre zone č un peccato, da noi č diventato una regola !

l'articolo verrā prossimamente tradotto in italiano !


In tedesco:

Das Wort ist zweideutig:


In inglese:

As used in Islamic urban planning, the word ḥaram (حرم) means "inviolate zone", an important aspect of urban planning in Muslim civilization. Such protected areas were sanctuaries, or places where contending parties could settle disputes peacefully. Towns were usually built near a river which provided drinking and domestic water (upstream) and carried away waste and sewage (downstream, usually underground, unlike most cities in Europe in medieval times).[citation needed] Muslims claim to have introduced the idea of carrying capacity, and clearly sometimes did limit the number of families in any given town. The harams were typically positioned to ensure access to parkland and nature (which were given another name, hima), to restrict urban sprawl, protect water-courses and watersheds and oases. In this respect the rules strongly resembled modern zoning laws, with the same purposes.

The distinction between haram and hima is thought by some modern scholars to have been necessary due to a different means of deciding which regions were to have restrictions - the selection of haram was considered to be more up to the community while the selection of hima had more to do with natural characteristics of the region, which were considered to be best respected by jurists. This idea probably arises from two different obligations of the Muslim to respect ijma (consensus of neighbors within Islam) and practice khalifa (stewardship of nature under Allah). It may or may not reflect actual means of decision making historically


Tutta la storia di questa tragedia, in un prologo tre atti e un epilogo,  dovuto alla decisione della famiglia  URICCHIO di acquistare proprietā a POMARICO (Provincia di MATERA), Meridione d'ITALIA, per tornare nel paese NATIVO sul sito

WEB    http://www.uricchio.de